Stibitz & Wilson Honorees

THE GEORGE RSTIBITZ COMPUTER & COMMUNICATIONS PIONEER AWARDS HONOR INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE MADE SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FIELDS OF COMPUTING AND COMMUNICATIONS.

THE 
EDWARD OWILSON BIODIVERSITY TECHNOLOGY PIONEER AWARDS HONOR INDIVIDUALS WHO HAVE MADE SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PRESERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY ON EARTH.

THE HONOREES FOR BOTH AWARDS MUST PARTICIPATE IN PERSON AT THE AWARDS CEREMONIES IN BOZEMAN, MONTANA. FOR POSTHUMOUS AWARDS, FAMILY REPRESENTATION IS REQUESTED.

  

Dr. George R. Stibitz

Dr. George R. Stibitz (1904-1995) is internationally recognized by computer  scientists and historians as the seminal pioneer of the modern digital computer. As a mathematical physicist at the AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1937 and while performing research on the electromechanical properties of telephone relays, he had a hunch that a computer could be built using binary numbers with the relays representing ones and zeros using their on and off switching characteristics. In November of 1937, on the kitchen table of his home, Dr. Stibitz built a two-digit binary adding circuit using two telephone relays, two batteries, two light bulbs and a switch fashioned out of a tobacco tin. It was dubbed the Model K - for kitchen. In 1938, with the help of S.B. Williams, also of Bell Laboratories, he developed a full-scale calculator for the arithmetic of complex numbers. This computing machine was fully operational in late 1939 and was demonstrated in 1940. Dr. Stibitz used this demonstration to also showcase the first remote controlled computer using a teletype in Hanover, New Hampshire (on the Dartmouth campus) while the computer itself was in New York City. He joined the Department of Physiology at Dartmouth Medical School in 1964 as a research associate on the applications of physics, mathematics, and computers to biophysical/biomedical technologies. He became a professor in 1966 and professor emeritus in 1970. Dr. Stibitz was awarded 34 patents. Dr. Stibitz built a functioning replica of the Model K for the American Computer Museum (the original was dismantled long ago) and agreed to have an award named after him to be presented by the American Computer Museum and Montana State University that would recognize individuals who have significantly contributed to the progress of computing, communications and the information age in general.


Dr. Edward O. Wilson

University Research Professor Emeritus
Harvard University
Cambridge, Massachussetts

A two-time Pulitzer Prize winner, Dr. Wilson has authored over 20 books and hundreds of technical papers. He was born on June 10, 1929 and is usually cited as E. O. Wilson. Dr. Wilson is an American biologist, researcher (sociobiology, biodiversity, island biogeography), theorist (consilience, biophilia), naturalist (conservationist) and author. His biological specialty is myrmecology, the scientific study of ants, on which he is considered to be the world's leading expert. He has discovered hundreds of new species of ants during his lifetime. Arguably one of the most famous, respected and trusted scientists in the world, Dr. Wilson continues to lead an intensely active life as a researcher, theorist and passionate naturalist. In 2009 Dr. Wilson agreed to have an award named after him to be presented by the American Computer Museum and Montana State University to scientific, technical and literary pioneers who have made significant contributions to the understanding and preservation of the biodiversity of life on Earth. Whenever possible, Dr. Wilson participates in the museum’s awards ceremonies to personally present the The Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Awards.


The Honorees (1997-2016):
2016

The 2016 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

Alan Turing
(Posthumous, the award was received in person by his nephew, Sir Dermot Turing)
For Seminal & Pioneering Contributions to the Breaking
of the WWII German Enigma Machine Code 


Joseph Desch
(Posthumous, the award was received in person by his daughter, Deborah Desch Anderson)
For Seminal & Pioneering Contributions to the Breaking
of the WWII German Enigma Machine Code


Mary Shaw

For Seminal & Pioneering Contributions to Software Architecture
& Computer Science Curricula

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The 2016 Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Award

Dan Wenk

For Leadership and Undaunted Dedication Towards the Preservation
of Biodiversity at Yellowstone National Park

__________________________

2015

The 2015 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

David Ferrucci

For Seminal Contributions & Leadership as the Principal
Investigator of the IBM Watson Computer

Robert Gunderson

For Seminal Contributions to the Manual
Guidance and Control of the Apollo Moon Missions Saturn V Rocket

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The 2015 Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Award

Janine Benyus

For Seminal Contributions to the Development and
Promotion of Biomimicry Based Technologies

Laurie Marker

For Seminal Contributions to the Biodiversity of Life
Through Conservation, Preservation and Sustainable Human Development


Kjetil Våge

For Seminal Contributions to the Understanding
of Ocean Currents & Climate Change

__________________________

2014

The 2014 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

David Andes
For the Invention of the World’s First Real Neural Computer
 

Cynthia Breazeal
For Seminal Contributions to the Development of Social Robotics
and Human Robot Interactions

Edward Feigenbaum
For Seminal Contributions to the Fields of
Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems

Douglas Hofstadter
For Seminal Contributions to the Understanding of
Human Cognition, Consciousness and Perception

Eric Horvitz
For Seminal Contributions to the Fields of Artificial
Intelligence and Human/Machine Intelligent Interfaces


Hans Moravec
For Seminal Contributions to the Fields of Artificial
Intelligence, Robotics and Transhumanism

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The 2014 Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Award

Rebecca Costa
For Exemplary Writing and Public Outreach Regarding
Human Evolution and Sociobiology


Dorothy Hinshaw Patent
For Exemplary Advocation of Biodiversity Through the
Authorship of Children’s Science Literature

John Priscu
For Outstanding Scientific Research, Advocacy and
Public Outreach Regarding Biodiversity

Cathy Whitlock
For Outstanding Scientific Research, Advocacy and
Public Outreach Regarding Biodiversit
y

__________________________

2013

The 2013 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

Walter E. Disney
(Posthumous - was to be received in person by his late daughter Diane Disney Miller
who took ill and could not travel to Bozeman. The award was instead brought to the
Disney Family Museum in San Francisco, CA)
For Seminal Contributions to the Development of Humanoid Robotics

John H. Holland
For Seminal Contributions to the Fields of Cellular Automata,
Genetic Algorithms & the Development of Holland'
s Schema Theorem

Charles W. Hull
For the Invention of Stereolithography (3D Printing)

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The 2013 Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Award

Frans de Waal
For Seminal Contributions to the Understanding of Cognition,
Empathy & Morality in Primates
 

Jean B. Sweeney
For the Advocacy & Implementation of Global Environmental
Sustainability & Biodiversity in Industry

__________________________

2012

The 2012 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

Vic Hayes
For Seminal Contributions to the Development of WiFi

Bob Metcalfe
For Seminal Contributions to the Development of Ethernet

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The 2012 Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Award

Paul Anastas
For Seminal Contributions to the Foundations of Green Chemistry

May Berenbaum
For Seminal Contributions to the Understanding of Insect Chemical
Ecology and the Public Understanding of Biodiversity


Gary Strobel
For Seminal Contributions to the Understanding of Antibacterial,
Antifungal and Other Bioactive Plant Compounds

__________________________


2011

The 2011 George R. Stibitz Computer

& Communications Pioneer Award


Federico Faggin
For Foundational Contributions to the Development of the Modern
Technological World, Including the MOS Silicon Gate Technology that Led to the Realization of the World's First Microprocessor in 1971

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The 2011 Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Award

Jim Lotimer
For Pioneering Modern Fish & Wildlife Monitoring Systems & Biotelemetry Technology


John Kress           David Jacobs              Peter Belhumeur
For Co-Pioneering Leafsnap - the First Mobile App for Plant Identification

__________________________

2010

The 2010 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award


Barbara Liskov
For Foundational Contributions to Computer Languages and
Object Oriented Programming

Max Mathews
For Pioneering Computer Generated Music and
Seminal Contributions to Digital Music Technologies & Software

Steve Sasson
For Inventing the First Digital Camera

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The 2010 Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Award

Sir Alec Jeffreys
For the Invention of DNA Fingerprinting - the Basis of Modern DNA Evidence

Lynn Margulis
For the Theory of Symbiogenesis and Seminal Contributions
to the Understanding of Evolution and Biology

David Quammen
For Exemplary Writing About Science,  Biodiversity and the Evolution of Life on Earth

__________________________

2009

The 2009 Edward O. Wilson Biodiversity
Technology Pioneer Award


Ignacio Rodriguez-Iturbe
For Seminal and Exemplary Engineering Work with Ecohydrology

Steve Running
For Pioneering and Seminal Scientific Work with Climatology, Global Warming
and Other Aspects of Atmospheric Science

Michael Soulé
For Exemplary Scientific and Public Outreach Work

David Ward
For Scientific Work with Thermal/Hot Spring
Microbial Diversity, Ecology and Evolution

__________________________

2006

The 2006 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award


Edward O. Wilson
For Pioneering the Electronic Encyclopedia of Life

__________________________

2005

The 2005 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

John Blankenbaker
For Pioneering the First Personal Computer: The Kenbak-1

Ross Perot
For Pioneering the Data Processing Industryand the Founding of EDS


__________________________

2002

The 2002 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

Ralph Baer
For Inventing the First Home Video Game

Martin Cooper
For Inventing the Cell Telephone

Klein Gilhousen
For Principal Designer of the CDMA DigitalCell Phone Technology

Leroy Hood
For Inventing the Automated DNA Sequencer
 

James Russell
For Inventing the Digital Compact Disc

Jon Titus
For Inventing the Mark-8: The First Hobbyist Microcomputer Kit

__________________________

2001

The 2001 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award


__________________________

2000

The 2000 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

Tim Berners-Lee
For Inventing the World Wide Web

Ray Tomlinson
For Inventing E-Mail

Steve Wozniak
For Inventing the Apple I & Apple II Computers & For
Co-Founding of the Apple Computer Company

__________________________

1999

The 1999 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

James Harris
For Key Contributions to the Invention of the
First Transistorized Computer - the TRADIC

Vinton G. Cerf
For Pioneering the Internet: Major Design and Development Contributor to the Original ARPANET NCP Protocol and Co-Inventor of the Internet's TCP/IP Protocol

Robert Khan
For Pioneering the Internet: Major Designer of the ARPANET Architecture, Inventor of Open Architecture Networking and Co-Inventor of the Internet's TCP/IP Protocol


__________________________

1998

The 1998 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

Doug Engelbart 
For Inventing the Computer Mouse & For Pioneering the
Modern Graphical User Interface

Ed Roberts
For Inventing of the First Successful Personal Computer: The Altair


__________________________

1997

The 1997 George R. Stibitz Computer
& Communications Pioneer Award

Arthur Burks
For One of the Principal Designers of the ENIAC Computer 
For Major Design Contributions to the ENIAC Computer

Chuan Chu
For Major Design Contributions to the ENIAC Computer

Eldon Hall
For Inventing the Apollo Moon Mission Guidance Computer

Maury Irvine
For Team Project Member of the TRADIC Computer:
The First Transistorized Computer

Jack Kilby
For Inventing the Integrated Circuit & Co-Inventing the Hand-held Calculator

Jerry Merryman
For Co-Inventing the Hand-held Calculator

James Van Tassel
For Co-Inventing the Hand-held Calculator
 

Federico Faggin
For Co-Inventing The Microprocessor

Ted Hoff
For Co-Inventing the Microprocessor



All images on this page, both formal and informal - except for the Walt Disney NASA photo,  the Alan Turing photo and the Joseph Desch photo

are copyrighted by the American Computer Museum, Bozeman, MT, 2016

©American Computer Museum 2017

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